Welcome to Social Justice Wiki!

This page contains changes which are not marked for translation.

  • slide 1
    Kyriarchy is an interlocking set of cultural, economic, and legal rules and systems that work to keep multiple groups oppressed for the benefit of a ruling group or class.
  • slide 3
    "[O]ne in four young people—175 million adolescents—is unable to read a single sentence. Based on current trends, [...] it will take until 2072 for the poorest young women in developing countries to learn to read." —UNESCO
  • slide 2
    Ally is an umbrella term used by some to refer to people who (claim to) support oppressed and marginalised groups.
  • slide 2
    Scientism is a pejorative umbrella term for related philosophical positions which claim the only truth is that which can be reached via the scientific method, that philosophy has no role within science, and that science does not require moral or ethical guidelines.
  • slide 2
    Levels of analysis refers to a way of analysing or designing a complex system, like privilege or society more broadly.
  • slide 2
    Cultural appropriation is the process by which a member of a dominant culture takes or uses aspects of another, often colonised, culture without that culture's permission and/or without any understanding of the deeper cultural meanings behind the appropriated item.
  • slide 2
    Neurosexism is the sexist assumption that gender differences perceived in character and behaviour are caused by biological differences in brains.
  • slide 2
    They/them/their is a third person singular (themself) and plural (themselves) pronoun. Some non-binary individuals request others use this set of pronouns when they refer to them in third person singular.


SJWiki is a website centred around intersectional social justice.

SJWiki wishes to document, explain, and through this offer support to any activism that is part of the greater social justice movement, e.g., feminism, the LGBT movement, anti-fascism, the civil rights movement, the queer movement, no borders and migrant solidarity movements, the trans movement, the fat acceptance movement, the body positive movement, and so on. By the same token, we want to debunk, document, and provide commentary on reactionary movements, that work to corrode or derail advancements in social justice.

Read our frequently asked questions for more details.

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width="20" style="vertical-align: top; border: none; color: #999;font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | “ 4px 2px|4px 10px}};" | [The] data continues [to show] a three year trend in which transgender women, LGBTQ and HIV-affected people of color, and transgender people of color experienced a greater risk of homicide than other LGBTQ and HIV-affected people. These statistics demonstrate that the most marginalized LGBTQ and HIV-affected communities experience higher rates of severe violence. These same communities experience higher rates of homelessness, poverty, and job discrimination which can increase their risk of violence. width="20" style="vertical-align: bottom; border: none; color: #999; font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | ”
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width="20" style="vertical-align: top; border: none; color: #999;font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | “ 4px 2px|4px 10px}};" | The dawning realization that themes of homophobia and heterosexism may be read in almost any document of our culture means that we are only beginning to have an idea of how widespread those institutions and accounts are. width="20" style="vertical-align: bottom; border: none; color: #999; font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | ”
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{{#if:David Gaider <ref>Feminist Frequencytweeted David Gaider's quote on Twitter.</ref>|
width="20" style="vertical-align: top; border: none; color: #999;font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | “ 4px 2px|4px 10px}};" | Privilege is when you think something is not a problem because it's not a problem to you personally width="20" style="vertical-align: bottom; border: none; color: #999; font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | ”
{{#if:David Gaider <ref>Feminist Frequency tweeted David Gaider's quote on Twitter.</ref>|

—David Gaider <ref>Feminist Frequency tweeted David Gaider's quote on Twitter.</ref>{{#if:|, {{{publication}}}}}

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{{#if:|
width="20" style="vertical-align: top; border: none; color: #999;font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | “ 4px 2px|4px 10px}};" | [A trigger warning is] a safety system that allows full artistic expression, as well as psychological protection for those who need it.

Trauma trigger warnings are a minimalistic description that tag articles, literature and other works of art for traumatic content.

width="20" style="vertical-align: bottom; border: none; color: #999; font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | ”
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{{#if:|
width="20" style="vertical-align: top; border: none; color: #999;font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | “ 4px 2px|4px 10px}};" | So why are y'all tripping, cisgender people? Cisgender isn't an insult. width="20" style="vertical-align: bottom; border: none; color: #999; font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | ”
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{{#if:Greta Christina<ref>Richard Dawkins: Atheism’s asset or liability?, by Kimberly Winston</ref>|
width="20" style="vertical-align: top; border: none; color: #999;font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | “ 4px 2px|4px 10px}};" | Regretfully, I think Richard Dawkins has become a liability width="20" style="vertical-align: bottom; border: none; color: #999; font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | ”
{{#if:Greta Christina<ref>Richard Dawkins: Atheism’s asset or liability?, by Kimberly Winston</ref>|

Greta Christina<ref>Richard Dawkins: Atheism’s asset or liability?, by Kimberly Winston</ref>{{#if:|, {{{publication}}}}}

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{{#if:|
width="20" style="vertical-align: top; border: none; color: #999;font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | “ 4px 2px|4px 10px}};" | Hipsters wearing headresses is cultural appropriation because it is a commodification of indigenous culture. It takes something from someone else’s culture without any context or respect and turns it into something marketable and profitable. width="20" style="vertical-align: bottom; border: none; color: #999; font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | ”
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{{#if:Ange-Marie Hancock, Associate Professor of Political Science and Gender Studies<ref>Ange-Marie Hancock (2007). When Multiplication Doesn't Equal Quick Addition: Examining Intersectionality as a Research Paradigm. Perspectives on Politics, , pp 63-79. doi:10.1017/S1537592707070065.</ref>|
width="20" style="vertical-align: top; border: none; color: #999;font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | “ 4px 2px|4px 10px}};" | Intersectional arguments and research findings have had varying levels of impact in feminist theory, social movements, international human rights, public policy, and electoral behavior research within political science and across the disciplines of sociology, critical legal studies, and history. width="20" style="vertical-align: bottom; border: none; color: #999; font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | ”
{{#if:Ange-Marie Hancock, Associate Professor of Political Science and Gender Studies<ref>Ange-Marie Hancock (2007). When Multiplication Doesn't Equal Quick Addition: Examining Intersectionality as a Research Paradigm. Perspectives on Politics, , pp 63-79. doi:10.1017/S1537592707070065.</ref>|

—Ange-Marie Hancock, Associate Professor of Political Science and Gender Studies<ref>Ange-Marie Hancock (2007). When Multiplication Doesn't Equal Quick Addition: Examining Intersectionality as a Research Paradigm. Perspectives on Politics, , pp 63-79. doi:10.1017/S1537592707070065.</ref>{{#if:|, {{{publication}}}}}

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{{#if:theterfs.com<ref>The TERFs</ref>|
width="20" style="vertical-align: top; border: none; color: #999;font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | “ 4px 2px|4px 10px}};" | In the 1980s, TERFs successfully brought an end to trans health care access. One TERF operative wrote the government report which led the the revocation of trans medical care under government programs and soon thereafter, private insurers followed suit. width="20" style="vertical-align: bottom; border: none; color: #999; font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | ”
{{#if:theterfs.com<ref>The TERFs</ref>|

—theterfs.com<ref>The TERFs</ref>{{#if:|, {{{publication}}}}}

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{{#if:David Futrelle|
width="20" style="vertical-align: top; border: none; color: #999;font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | “ 4px 2px|4px 10px}};" | Misogyny. I mock it. width="20" style="vertical-align: bottom; border: none; color: #999; font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | ”
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—David Futrelle{{#if:|, {{{publication}}}}}

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{{#if:Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon, Message for the 2014 World Day of Social Justice|
width="20" style="vertical-align: top; border: none; color: #999;font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | “ 4px 2px|4px 10px}};" | Circumstances such as where a person is born, where they live or their gender and ethnicity should never determine their income or their opportunities for quality education, basic healthcare, decent work, adequate shelter, access to drinking water, political participation or living free from threatened, or actual, physical violence. width="20" style="vertical-align: bottom; border: none; color: #999; font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | ”
{{#if:Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon, Message for the 2014 World Day of Social Justice|

—Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon, Message for the 2014 World Day of Social Justice{{#if:|, {{{publication}}}}}

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{{#if:|
width="20" style="vertical-align: top; border: none; color: #999;font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | “ 4px 2px|4px 10px}};" | There is no such thing as reverse racism or reverse sexism (or the reverse of any form of oppression). White women can be just as prejudiced as men, women cannot be ‘just as sexist as men’ because they do not hold political, economic, and institutional power. width="20" style="vertical-align: bottom; border: none; color: #999; font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | ”
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{{#if:|
width="20" style="vertical-align: top; border: none; color: #999;font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | “ 4px 2px|4px 10px}};" | I asked her to count her spoons. She asked why, and I explained that when you are healthy you expect to have a never-ending supply of “spoons”. But when you have to now plan your day, you need to know exactly how many “spoons” you are starting with. width="20" style="vertical-align: bottom; border: none; color: #999; font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | ”
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{{#if:|
width="20" style="vertical-align: top; border: none; color: #999;font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | “ 4px 2px|4px 10px}};" | The out-and-out confrontational confidence of the totally ignorant is, in my experience, gendered. Men explain things to me, and other women, whether or not they know what they’re talking about. width="20" style="vertical-align: bottom; border: none; color: #999; font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | ”
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{{#if:Sian Ferguson<ref>3 Examples of Everyday Cissexism, by Sian Ferguson</ref>|
width="20" style="vertical-align: top; border: none; color: #999;font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | “ 4px 2px|4px 10px}};" | [W]e’re all socialized to be cissexist width="20" style="vertical-align: bottom; border: none; color: #999; font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | ”
{{#if:Sian Ferguson<ref>3 Examples of Everyday Cissexism, by Sian Ferguson</ref>|

—Sian Ferguson<ref>3 Examples of Everyday Cissexism, by Sian Ferguson</ref>{{#if:|, {{{publication}}}}}

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{{#if:ask a non-binary<ref>http://askanonbinary.tumblr.com/what</ref>|
width="20" style="vertical-align: top; border: none; color: #999;font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | “ 4px 2px|4px 10px}};" | Non-binary is a term for people who are not men or women, or are both men and women, or who are something else entirely, or are some combination of these things, or some of these things some of the time. width="20" style="vertical-align: bottom; border: none; color: #999; font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | ”
{{#if:ask a non-binary<ref>http://askanonbinary.tumblr.com/what</ref>|

—ask a non-binary<ref>http://askanonbinary.tumblr.com/what</ref>{{#if:|, {{{publication}}}}}

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{{#if:|
width="20" style="vertical-align: top; border: none; color: #999;font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | “ 4px 2px|4px 10px}};" | My experience is that ‘brocialists' don’t openly embrace patriarchy; they deny it’s a problem. Or they minimise it. They direct your attention elsewhere: you should be focusing on class. You’re being divisive. You’re just middle class (quelle horreur!). Or they attack a straw ‘feminism’ that is supposedly ‘bourgeois’ and has nothing to say about class or other axes of oppression. Or they just ignore it. To me that’s quite straightforward. Obviously it would be difficult, given their egalitarian commitments, to openly defend a gendered hierarchy; but their defensiveness about this issue suggests they associate a challenge to patriarchy with some sort of ‘loss’ for themselves. The question is, what do they have to lose? width="20" style="vertical-align: bottom; border: none; color: #999; font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | ”
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{{#if:|
width="20" style="vertical-align: top; border: none; color: #999;font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | “ 4px 2px|4px 10px}};" | ["Not all men", when used as a meme, is] a sharp, damning satire of a familiar kind of bad-faith argument, the one where a male interlocutor redirects a discussion about sexism, misogyny, rape culture, or women’s rights to instead be about how none of that is his fault. width="20" style="vertical-align: bottom; border: none; color: #999; font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | ”
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{{#if:Kathleen Hanna<ref>Kathleen Hanna's blog</ref>|
width="20" style="vertical-align: top; border: none; color: #999;font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | “ 4px 2px|4px 10px}};" | While everyone's experience of oppression is different and complicated and often overlapping, I really believe that if you have privilege, you need to learn as much as you can about the world beyond yourself. width="20" style="vertical-align: bottom; border: none; color: #999; font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | ”
{{#if:Kathleen Hanna<ref>Kathleen Hanna's blog</ref>|

—Kathleen Hanna<ref>Kathleen Hanna's blog</ref>{{#if:|, {{{publication}}}}}

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{{#if:Jadehawk<ref>There’s a post on sex work on Feministe, and it is Teh Fail, by Jadehawk</ref>|
width="20" style="vertical-align: top; border: none; color: #999;font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | “ 4px 2px|4px 10px}};" | [S]ex work is problematic because of its location in the matrix of oppression. Shift the matrix, or shift sex work out of that position, and sex work no longer functions as patriarchy-supporting, problematic work. width="20" style="vertical-align: bottom; border: none; color: #999; font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | ”
{{#if:Jadehawk<ref>There’s a post on sex work on Feministe, and it is Teh Fail, by Jadehawk</ref>|

—Jadehawk<ref>There’s a post on sex work on Feministe, and it is Teh Fail, by Jadehawk</ref>{{#if:|, {{{publication}}}}}

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{{#if:|
width="20" style="vertical-align: top; border: none; color: #999;font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | “ 4px 2px|4px 10px}};" | The short answer is that the dude-bro is a sexist, homophobic douche. But bro, get this: it's not that hard just to be a dude width="20" style="vertical-align: bottom; border: none; color: #999; font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | ”
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{{#if:Dorothy Parker<ref>Quote by Dorothy Parker: “Heterosexuality is not normal, it's just common.”</ref>|
width="20" style="vertical-align: top; border: none; color: #999;font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | “ 4px 2px|4px 10px}};" | Heterosexuality is not normal, it's just common. width="20" style="vertical-align: bottom; border: none; color: #999; font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | ”
{{#if:Dorothy Parker<ref>Quote by Dorothy Parker: “Heterosexuality is not normal, it's just common.”</ref>|

Dorothy Parker<ref>Quote by Dorothy Parker: “Heterosexuality is not normal, it's just common.”</ref>{{#if:|, {{{publication}}}}}

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{{#if: Bette Davis|
width="20" style="vertical-align: top; border: none; color: #999;font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | “ 4px 2px|4px 10px}};" | When a man gives his opinion, he's a man. When a woman gives her opinion, she's a bitch. width="20" style="vertical-align: bottom; border: none; color: #999; font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | ”
{{#if: Bette Davis|

— Bette Davis{{#if:|, {{{publication}}}}}

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{{#if:Kinsey Hope<ref>How to Be An Ally, by Kinsey Hope</ref>|
width="20" style="vertical-align: top; border: none; color: #999;font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | “ 4px 2px|4px 10px}};" | [Silencing is to] dismiss or disable the voices of dissent against the privilege induced majority speak. They can include trolling someone, threatening someone, making offensive jokes, using slurs, acting violent or intimidating, demanding or even criticizing anger from a marginalized person, demanding that a marginalized person change their methods for addressing privilege and a host of other things that are design to control the means of communication and discourse. width="20" style="vertical-align: bottom; border: none; color: #999; font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | ”
{{#if:Kinsey Hope<ref>How to Be An Ally, by Kinsey Hope</ref>|

—Kinsey Hope<ref>How to Be An Ally, by Kinsey Hope</ref>{{#if:|, {{{publication}}}}}

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{{#if:|
width="20" style="vertical-align: top; border: none; color: #999;font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | “ 4px 2px|4px 10px}};" | Free speech is an important right. Unfortunately, some people have no idea what it means. Of course, that doesn’t mean they stop demanding it. width="20" style="vertical-align: bottom; border: none; color: #999; font-size: {{#switch: 10px=20px 30px=60px 40px=80px 50px=100px 60px=120px 10px 2px|10px 10px}};" | ”
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Random article

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A Feminist symbol: a raised first inside a venus symbol (♀).

Feminism is the philosophical, political, and ethical position that people should not be discriminated against because of their gender.

Feminism focuses on issues of women's and non-binary people's rights because they are the broad group that faces the most discrimination under patriarchy, and kyriarchy more generally. Classical feminist issues such as the gender wage gap<ref>2014 brochure 'Tackling the gender pay gap in the European Union'</ref> and women's suffrage<ref>Saudi Arabia: Women Can Vote, Starting in 2015</ref><ref>Saudi Women Vote; Which Countries Still Don't Allow Women's Suffrage?</ref> are still very much unsolved, even in the West.

Feminism promotes reassessing the value of that which is conventionally perceived as female and femme. For example, under the kyriarchal binary gender system women are associated with emotion (which is seen as a negative force to be tamed), while men are seen as logical and rational, by their very nature. In Western cultures, emotion is often dismissed out of hand, or held in disdain, and is largely ignored as a part of morality and ethics. Feminism questions both sides of this equation. It discusses how both assumptions are misplaced: Are women more emotionally driven by their very nature, or is it a social construct, and/or a self-fulfilling prophesy? If some people (regardless of gender) are indeed more emotional, or less able to control their emotions does that in any way impact on their status as human beings?

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If people were not coerced into gender...<ref>Alien Contact - A Comic on Gender Roles</ref>

Gender binary is the socially constructed dichotomy of human activities, behaviours, appearances, emotions, mannerisms, etc., into masculine and feminine.

The central assertion behind the binary is that there are only two genders, male and female; and there are only two types of humans, men and women. Usually a corollary is added that gender can be diagnosed by external observation as opposed to self-concept.

This strict division of the human experience into two mutually exclusive gender-related domains is artificial and unsupported by scientific research. Despite this, people are assigned, by parents, doctors, and culture, a gender at birth. This is done, most often, based on the presence of a penis or a vagina. If a baby is intersex, this is almost always seen as pathological and surgery is performed to bring their reproductive organs closer to either end of the spectrum.

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Protester holding up a banner: "Transmisogyny is still misogyny"

Transmisogyny (or trans-misogyny) is the oppression of trans women and trans feminine people, more generally. It exists at the intersection between transphobia and misogyny. As with all intersectional issues, there are forms of (deadly) oppression unique to trans feminine people that are suffered neither by cisgender women nor trans men.<ref>A Review of Transmisogyny Embodied: Cathy Brennan</ref>

The word was coined by Julia Serano in her book Whipping Girl: A Transsexual Woman on Sexism and the Scapegoating of Femininity.<ref>Serano, J. (2007) Whipping girl: A transsexual woman on sexism and the scapegoating of femininity. Emeryville, CA: Seal Press.</ref>

Read more </option><option> Trigger warning (TW) is a way of allowing people to view, read, listen to, or otherwise experience something consensually. TWs can be seen as akin to age certificates on films or video games.

The purpose is two-fold: a trigger warning allows one to know the contents of what they are about to experience, in order for them to decide if they want to indeed experience it. Trigger warnings also allow one to prepare themselves, because they have to experience something. Both these cases largely overlap; one is being informed of what one is about to experience.

Furthermore, a warning allows one to take self-care measures or even adhere to the directions of a therapist, doctor, or other authority if applicable. While in some cases, gradual and controlled exposure to a source of trauma, anxiety, or fear may be prescribed or may feature in some therapy regimens, that exposure should not be in the control of an outside, untrained, or pseudomedical source. It is not cowardly or "sheltered" to require a trigger warning or need content filtered, and the presence of reasonable content warnings is not merely courtesy but a matter of health care importance.

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Trans can be used as an umbrella term as well as an identity.

Umbrella term (or blanket term<ref>This can be pejorative.</ref>) refers to a word or phrase that denotes a superordinate semantic category, which by definition encompasses or refers to other subordinate meanings and concepts.<ref name = "mccarthy">McCarthy, Rosaleen A., ed. Semantic knowledge and semantic representations. Vol. 3. No. 3-4. Psychology Press, 1995.</ref> For example, the concept bird contains within it diverse birds, e.g., robin, crow, ostrich, and penguin as subordinate concepts; but also common features such as wing, fly, feather, beak.

An umbrella term can be problematic, as well as useful. It can enforce hierarchy and oppression, as well as promote collectivism, cohesion and solidarity. Umbrella terms, or to use their neuropsychological and cognitive scientific name: superordinate labels, are an inevitable part of human cognition. Brains function by abstracting and generalising over experiences, so they cluster life events into categories and then apply linguistic labels over such categories. This further enforces (the perception of) similarity within a category, while also further enforcing (the perception of) difference between categories.

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Protest in solidarity with the Egyptian Revolution of 2011 in Melbourne.

Social justice is a philosophical,<ref name="beliefs">Beliefs about Social Justice in English Education</ref> political,<ref name ="changing">[http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001474/147499e.pdf Changing perspectives on early childhood: theory, research and policy]</ref><ref name="courage">Courage and Social Justice: History Students Engage New York's Immigrant and Refugee Communities</ref> social,<ref name="education">Doctoral of Education (Ed.D.) in Social Justice Education</ref><ref name = "jsacp">Journal for Social Action in Counseling and Psychology</ref> and legal<ref name = "utexas">[http://www.utexas.edu/ugs/sites/default/files/bdp/docs/HRSJ%20Curriculum%20-%20Jan%202014.pdf Human Rights & Social Justice at the University of Texas]</ref> movement in support of the rights of those who are marginalised, chiefly by poverty, but also (and increasingly) those who lack social privilege at any intersection.<ref name="ctsj">Critical Theory & Social Justice</ref>

Historically, it is a concept that has existed since ancient times. One of the earliest influential western writings on social justice was penned by Aristotle in Nicomachean Ethics volume V. This work discussed distributive justice.<ref>http://www.psych.nyu.edu/jost/Social%20Justice_%20History,%20Theory,%20&%20Research.pdf</ref> The term "social justice" itself was coined in the 1840s by a Jesuit priest named Luigi Taparelli.<ref>J. Zajda, S. Majhanovich, V. Rust, Education and Social Justice, 2006, ISBN 1-4020-4721-5</ref> Partly due to its historical roots, the meaning of the phrase has been contentious.<ref name="beliefs"></ref> However in modern times, the consensus is that social justice has a secular<ref name="beliefs"></ref><ref name ="changing"></ref><ref name="courage"></ref><ref name = "jsacp"></ref><ref name = "utexas"></ref> definition.

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John Rawls, by Jane Reed<ref>John Rawls, influential political philosopher, dead at 81, by Ken Gewertz</ref>

John Rawls was an American political and moral philosopher. Rawls' most important work was A Theory of Justice (published in 1971, and revised in 1975 and 1999).

Rawls sets his theory of justice against the utilitarian tradition of justice. When Rawls uses the word "justice", he means social justice. He argues that the traditional theory of utilitarianism proposed by John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham "the greatest good for the greatest number of people" is the theory that is closest to our intuitive notion of justice. However, Rawls critiques this traditional form of utilitarianism in the following quote: "[utilitarianism] adopt[s] for society as a whole the principle of choice for one man.”<ref name="ToJ"> A Theory of Justice Rawls, ISBN:0-674-00078-1</ref> By doing this, Rawls argues that "[utilitarianism] fails to take seriously the distinction between persons."<ref name="ToJ"></ref>

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