Cisgender

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"I am a lesbian trans woman. I am a pansexual cis woman. We are a queer couple able to reproduce.

Cisgender<ref>Cissexual is a deprecated synonym.</ref> (or cis) is an adjective, and umbrella term, that denotes that an individual identifies with the gender they were assigned at birth.<ref>Crethar, H. C. & Vargas, L. A. (2007). Multicultural intricacies in professional counseling. In J. Gregoire & C. Jungers (Eds.), The counselor’s companion: What every beginning counselor needs to know. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. ISBN 0-8058-5684-6. p. 61.</ref> It can be seen as the "opposite" of transgender, depending on how one conceptualises gender.

"Cis", which is Latin for "on this side",<ref>cis- on the Online Etymology Dictionary</ref> is used as a specifier for binary gender identities.<ref>English words prefixed with cis on Wiktionary</ref> So a cis person can be either a cis man, or a cis woman. Its usage with respect to the gender binary, and in terms of etymology, follows that of "trans".

Coercive gender assignment at birth, which is what motivates the use of "cisgender", is held by some to be a relatively recent colonial patriarchal invention.<ref>Lugones, Maria (2007). Heterosexualism and the Colonial / Modern Gender System Hypatia, Volume 22, Number 1, Winter 2007, pp. 186-209 | 10.1353/hyp.2006.0067</ref>

History

"The above comes in the context of a sexology book from the beginning of the last century when it was popular to scrutinize (and sometimes overly-so) a great deal of human behavior through a psycho-sexual leans. Thus, whether one was dressing in a manner consistent with their sex assigned at birth or in a manner inconsistent with their sex assigned at birth, the vestments were viewed as sexual symbols."<ref>So, I hear trans people recently invented this whole cis/trans thing…, by Cristan Williams</ref>

The first documented usage of the term (as "cisgendered") was in 1994 by biologist Dana Leland Defosse, Ph.D.<ref>Dana Leland Defosse, on PhDTree</ref> She used it on alt.transgendered newsgroup to discuss research into gender identity, and trans issues on University of Minnesota's campus:

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Defosse says she needed a linguistic complement to the prefix "trans-". Thus, being expert in biochemistry (which uses cis/trans), she decided to introduce the term "cis" to describe non-trans people.<ref name = "little cis"></ref>

Shortly after, Carl Buijs used it in 1996 on another newsgroup, alt.support.crossdressing, claiming and receiving<ref name = "transgriot"></ref><ref>Whipping Girl FAQ on cissexual, cisgender, and cis privilege</ref><ref>Cissexual/Cisgender: decentralizing the dominant group, by Emi Koyama</ref><ref>Definitions: Cisgender, by Donna Lynn Matthews</ref><ref>What does “cis” mean?</ref> credit for it:

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In 2009, Monica Roberts, on her blog TransGriot, offered her definition of the term:

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In the same year, sociologists Kristen Schilt and Laurel Westbrook defined cisgender as "individuals who have a match between the gender they were assigned at birth, their bodies, and their personal identity".<ref>Schilt, Kristen; Westbrook, Laurel (2009). Doing Gender, Doing Heteronormativity: 'Gender Normals,' Transgender People, and the Social Maintenance of Heterosexuality. Gender & Society, volume = 23, issue = 4, pages = 440–464 [461]. DOI 10.1177/0891243209340034. August 2009</ref>

See also

External links

References

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