Social justice

{{#if:Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon, Message for the 2014 World Day of Social Justice|
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{{#if:Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon, Message for the 2014 World Day of Social Justice|

—Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon, Message for the 2014 World Day of Social Justice{{#if:|, {{{publication}}}}}

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Protest in solidarity with the Egyptian Revolution of 2011 in Melbourne.

Social justice is a philosophical,<ref name="beliefs">Beliefs about Social Justice in English Education</ref> political,<ref name ="changing">Changing perspectives on early childhood: theory, research and policy PDF{{#if:| ({{{2}}})}}</ref><ref name="courage">Courage and Social Justice: History Students Engage New York's Immigrant and Refugee Communities</ref> social,<ref name="education">Doctoral of Education (Ed.D.) in Social Justice Education</ref><ref name = "jsacp">Journal for Social Action in Counseling and Psychology</ref> and legal<ref name = "utexas">Human Rights & Social Justice at the University of Texas PDF{{#if:| ({{{2}}})}}</ref> movement in support of the rights of those who are marginalised, chiefly by poverty, but also (and increasingly) those who lack social privilege at any intersection.<ref name="ctsj">Critical Theory & Social Justice</ref>

Historically, it is a concept that has existed since ancient times. One of the earliest influential western writings on social justice was penned by Aristotle in Nicomachean Ethics volume V. This work discussed distributive justice.<ref>http://www.psych.nyu.edu/jost/Social%20Justice_%20History,%20Theory,%20&%20Research.pdf</ref> The term "social justice" itself was coined in the 1840s by a Jesuit priest named Luigi Taparelli.<ref>J. Zajda, S. Majhanovich, V. Rust, Education and Social Justice, 2006, ISBN 1-4020-4721-5</ref> Partly due to its historical roots, the meaning of the phrase has been contentious.<ref name="beliefs"></ref> However in modern times, the consensus is that social justice has a secular<ref name="beliefs"></ref><ref name ="changing"></ref><ref name="courage"></ref><ref name = "jsacp"></ref><ref name = "utexas"></ref> definition:

Social justice involves creating a society based on principles of equality and solidarity, that understands and values human rights, and that recognises the dignity of every human being. At its 2007 World Summit for Social Development, the United Nations proclaimed 20 February as World Day of Social Justice. Governments pledged to promote the equitable distribution of income and greater access to resources through equity and equality and opportunity for all. The day aims to consolidate the efforts of the international community to eradicate poverty, and promote full employment and decent work, gender equity, rights of indigenous peoples and migrants, and access to social well-being and justice for all.<ref>Social Justice: What Has Health Psychology Contributed?</ref>

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