Welcome to Social Justice Wiki!
SJWiki wishes to document, explain, and through this offer support to any activism that is part of the greater social justice movement, e.g., feminism, the LGBT movement, anti-fascism, the civil rights movement, the queer movement, no borders and migrant solidarity movements, the trans movement, the fat acceptance movement, the body positive movement, and so on. By the same token, we want to debunk, document, and provide commentary on reactionary movements, that work to corrode or derail advancements in social justice.
Read our frequently asked questions for more details.
|“||Intersectional arguments and research findings have had varying levels of impact in feminist theory, social movements, international human rights, public policy, and electoral behavior research within political science and across the disciplines of sociology, critical legal studies, and history.||”|
—Ange-Marie Hancock, Associate Professor of Political Science and Gender Studies
Umbrella term (or blanket term) refers to a word or phrase that denotes a superordinate semantic category, which by definition encompasses or refers to other subordinate meanings and concepts. For example, the concept bird contains within it diverse birds, e.g., robin, crow, ostrich, and penguin as subordinate concepts; but also common features such as wing, fly, feather, beak.
An umbrella term can be problematic, as well as useful. It can enforce hierarchy and oppression, as well as promote collectivism, cohesion and solidarity. Umbrella terms, or to use their neuropsychological and cognitive scientific name: superordinate labels, are an inevitable part of human cognition. Brains function by abstracting and generalising over experiences, so they cluster life events into categories and then apply linguistic labels over such categories. This further enforces (the perception of) similarity within a category, while also further enforcing (the perception of) difference between categories.
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- Ange-Marie Hancock (2007). When Multiplication Doesn't Equal Quick Addition: Examining Intersectionality as a Research Paradigm. Perspectives on Politics, , pp 63-79. doi:10.1017/S1537592707070065.
- This can be pejorative.
- McCarthy, Rosaleen A., ed. Semantic knowledge and semantic representations. Vol. 3. No. 3-4. Psychology Press, 1995.