The Edible Woman (1969) is a novel concerning a woman becoming increasingly unable to eat, as she begins to associate various foods with human qualities. Major themes include consumerism, sexual identity and loss of identity. Despite the novel mirroring themes of Second Wave feminism, Atwood denies it is a feminist work as it was written before the movement began and thus was not written within that framework.
The Handmaid's Tale (1985) is a science fiction novel taking place in a dictatorial society and focuses on themes to do with personal agency, sexuality and reproductive rights.
"I don't know if I am a feminist."
In September 2009, an article in The Guardian stated that Atwood had admitted "I don't know if I am a feminist". However, although the alleged admission has been repeated in a number of articles, the actual source of Atwood stating this has proven to be elusive and indeed she has referenced feminism positively since then leading to the conclusion that The Guardian may have wrongly interpreted her earlier statements.