Left libertarianism

Deviating from right-libertarianism, left-libertarians hold that mixing one's labor with natural resources or claiming them is not enough to create property rights [1]. This follows to natural resources should either be distributed in an egalitarian manner either through collective ownership or lack of ownership. This ideology is also notably anti-authoritarian.

Libertarian socialism

Libertarian socialism attempts to create a non-bureaucratic and non-hierarchical society where the means of production are not owned privately, while still retaining personal property [2] This is an umbrella that encompasses anarcho-communism, anarcho-syndicalism, and libertarian Marxism to name a few.

  1. Carlson, Jennifer D. (2012). "Libertarianism". In Miller, Wilbur R. The social history of crime and punishment in America. London: Sage Publications. p. 1007. ISBN 1412988764. "[Left-libertarians] disagree with right-libertarians with respect to property rights, arguing instead that individuals have no inherent right to natural resources. Namely, these resources must be treated as collective property that is made available on an egalitarian basis."
  2. Berkman, Alexander (1929). Now and After: What Is Communist Anarchism?. "The revolution abolishes private ownership of the means of production and distribution, and with it goes capitalistic business. Personal possession remains only in the things you use. Thus, your watch is your own, but the watch factory belongs to the people."